The hottest monopoly enterprises focus on C5 raw m

2022-08-16
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Monopoly enterprises focus on C5 raw material

isoprene rubber with C5 as raw material is an ideal substitute for natural rubber. At present, the domestic demand for isoprene rubber has exceeded 600000 tons/year

the picture shows the isoprene rubber tire samples on display at the 9th China International Tire Expo

ethylene by-products C5 and C9, which have been treated as waste by monopoly enterprises, have been comprehensively utilized by private enterprises and become profitable products. Under the impact of imported ethylene, monopoly enterprises have also moved their minds on these unsightly leftovers. This idea has been strongly opposed by private enterprises: you can't even win the refining of your own Housekeeping Products, and now you want to extend the monopoly to the downstream

this is what happened at a recent symposium on the comprehensive utilization of carbon 5 and 9

Sinopec started small 99

Sinopec said that it was also forced to engage in ethylene by-product processing

according to Shenyi, polyethylene analyst of zhuochuang information, in recent years, petrochemical products from the Middle East have had an increasing impact on China's ethylene industry. For example, the export of polyethylene from the Middle East to China was 1.01 million tons in 2008, accounting for 20% of China's total import; In 2010, the import volume was about 2.4 million tons, accounting for nearly half of the total. From January to July this year, the domestic polyethylene output was 5.987 million tons and the import was 3.9377 million tons. Among them, 1.7 million tons were imported from the Middle East, accounting for nearly 50% of the total imports. It is predicted that by 2015, the total export volume of petrochemical products such as polyethylene, ethylene glycol, polypropylene and purified terephthalic acid from the Middle East to China may reach 16.82 million tons, an increase of 3.5 times over 2008

although the ethylene industry has been monopolized in China for many years, the monopoly enterprises can't bear it as soon as the products from the middle east arrive

Sinopec Shanghai Petrochemical Research Institute wangdeju told that in recent years, the low price of ethylene downstream products in the Middle East, such as polyethylene, butanediol and other bulk chemical raw materials, has impacted the Chinese market more and more violently. Originally, these products were the final say's decision in China. Now enterprises from other countries have come to grab the pricing power. Sinopec felt a severe challenge, so it set its eyes on the ethylene by-products C5 and C9, which were previously despised. "Because most of the products produced with C5 and C9 as raw materials are fine chemical products with high added value. If comprehensively developed and utilized, it can reduce the production cost of ethylene and improve competitiveness. Sinopec's annual report this year also puts the comprehensive utilization of ethylene by-products into a higher position for the first time."

Lishuyong, ethylene analyst of zhuochuang information, said that China's ethylene is mainly produced by naphtha cracking, which is much higher than the cost of producing ethylene from natural gas in the Middle East, but the biggest feature of naphtha cracking to produce ethylene is that there are many by-products

it was learned at the meeting that in 2010, China's ethylene output was 15million tons, and the output of by-product C5 was 1.8 million tons. The output of C9 is 1.4 million tons. Among them, the main components of C5 are isoprene, cyclopentadiene and m-pentadiene, which can be used to produce isoprene rubber, various additives, pharmaceutical and pesticide intermediates, spices and other fine chemical products after purchasing spring testing machines, and are widely used in people's lives. The main components of C9 include dicyclopentadiene, methyl ethyl benzene, trimethylbenzene, etc. in the past, most domestic enterprises mainly used C9 as fuel and resin production. With the solution of technical problems, C9 began to be used to produce high-quality aromatic solvent oil and other fine chemical products. Some developed countries have done a lot of work in the use of carbon 5 and carbon 9 resources, and have made huge profits. For a long time, the vast majority of the comprehensive utilization of carbon 5 and carbon 9 in China are private enterprises

"in the past, large enterprises like Sinopec always wanted to win with large-scale products, such as polyethylene, ethylene glycol and other products. They didn't pay much attention to some ethylene by-products with relatively small output, and generally sold them to private enterprises at low prices. Now that resources are so scarce, I think Sinopec should take back the resources such as C5 and C9, no longer sell them away, and develop and utilize them by itself." Wang Deju said

yuan Xiaguang, a senior 282 decorative fire retardant coating Engineer in the chemical division of Sinopec science and technology development department, also said that it is imperative to increase the comprehensive utilization of ethylene by-products. In recent years, the domestic market demand for all kinds of high value-added products produced with carbon 5 and carbon 9 as raw materials is growing rapidly. For example, isoprene, the main component of C5, is widely used at present. The demand for styrene polymer, isoprene rubber, butyl rubber and so on has increased by 20% every year in recent years, and its supply is far from meeting the market demand. If Sinopec can make full use of ethylene by-products including C5 and C9 to produce high value-added fine chemical products in line with relevant national standards, it can make up for the low price of downstream bulk products such as polyethylene and butanediol, so as to compete with the ethylene industry in the Middle East. "Sinopec is paying more and more attention to ethylene by-products. I'm afraid it's a question mark whether private enterprises can guarantee the supply of carbon 5 and carbon 9 in the future."

a senior engineer of Sinopec said that as the carbon 5 and carbon 9 markets are hot, the group also plans to use these resources. Now the top leaders have begun to pay attention to this problem. The downstream products of ethylene favored by monopoly enterprises are mainly bulk raw materials such as polyethylene and ethylene glycol

the picture shows the polyethylene production workshop of PetroChina Jilin Petrochemical

private enterprises cannot accept the signal sent by Sinopec at the meeting that it may not sell ethylene by-products in the future, which private enterprises say is very difficult to accept

zhengkuiqiang, chief engineer of Puyang Ruisen petroleum resin Co., Ltd., pointed out that there are dozens of private enterprises engaged in the comprehensive utilization of ethylene by-products in China, many of which were actually companies within monopoly enterprises more than 10 years ago. At that time, when they were subordinate enterprises of monopoly enterprises, the utilization of these small-scale ethylene by-products had always been at a loss, so monopoly enterprises stripped these subordinate enterprises out and gradually evolved into private enterprises. After the divestiture, these enterprises took a turn for the better, not only did they not collapse, but gradually began to make profits. Facts have proved that the system of monopoly enterprises cannot do well in downstream deep processing. "They couldn't do it well before, can they do it now?"

Zheng kuiqiang also said that the comprehensive utilization of ethylene by-products has developed rapidly in the past 10 years because of the emergence of a number of private enterprises. Ten years ago, Sinopec could not sell its carbon 5 at 800 or 900 yuan per ton. Now the whole market of C5 and C9 has allowed private enterprises to expand. Sinopec has raised the price of ethylene by-products higher and higher - the highest price of C5 was more than 9000 yuan/ton, and the current price is nearly 8000 yuan/ton, and C9 is more than 6000 yuan/ton. Now it also has to monopolize the supply of ethylene by-products, which is the neck of private enterprises. "It is easy for private enterprises to expand the market. Is it fair for monopoly enterprises to recycle now?"

Zhou Jianya, project manager of Shandong Yuhuang chemical company, said that although private enterprises cannot be compared with Sinopec and other large enterprises in terms of scale, they also have their own characteristics. Take Yuhuang company as an example. Although the enterprise is small, it operates flexibly and has small internal consumption. "Each of our equipment has a set of standby devices. Taking the production of C9 resin as an example, we track the market price at any time and can respond quickly according to the changing market conditions. For example, when the financial crisis comes, we will open a set of devices, and when the market demand is strong, we will open full power, and the standby devices will be put into operation immediately. While large enterprises such as Sinopec cannot start and stop at will, so in small-scale products, he We may not have a competitive advantage. "

"in April, 2010, China's first isoprene rubber plant was born in Luhua, Maoming, a domestic private enterprise! So far, isoprene rubber, the only rubber variety that failed to be industrialized among the seven basic rubber varieties of synthetic rubber in China, has finally been successfully put into production, ending China's long history of being unable to produce isoprene rubber." Cuiguangjun, general manager of Luhua in Maoming, said that isoprene resin with C5 as raw material had not been studied by state-owned enterprises for many years, but by private enterprises. Private enterprises have proved with their own strength that we are fully capable of making good use of valuable petrochemical resources

more private enterprises expressed the hope that Sinopec and private enterprises would give full play to their respective advantages and compete fairly in the market. Only when the two groups become bigger and stronger, and private enterprises become more refined and refined, can they make rational use of resources in order to form a mutually reinforcing relationship in the market

monopoly has become the biggest talking point

on this dispute between monopoly enterprises and private enterprises, some insiders were also interviewed outside the meeting. There are views of Japanese, German and American scholars who can produce carbon fiber and silicon carbide fiber. Industry insiders generally believe that practice has proved that the key to truly improving the competitiveness of China's petrochemical industry lies in breaking the monopoly. The problem now is not only that the downstream deep processing field of ethylene should break the monopoly and let private enterprises participate in the competition. That is, the upstream that has been monopolized by the two groups for a long time should also break the monopoly. Only in this way can it be reasonable, smooth and possible to compete with imported ethylene

hanxiaoping, chief information officer of China energy, said that at present, China's petrochemical industry is still in the hands of monopoly enterprises, but this industry has not produced high efficiency and low cost due to monopoly. For example, China's monopoly large enterprises, which have entered the world's top 500, do not rank among the top 50 in terms of profitability and labor efficiency. This is enough to show that the efficiency of monopoly industries is low. However, ethylene by-products such as C5 and C9, which are not favored by monopoly enterprises, have become valuable resources in the hands of private enterprises, which is enough to prove that private mechanisms are more market-oriented and competitive

zhaoyoushan, chairman of the oil circulation Committee of the China Federation of Commerce, said that the statistics just released showed that in the first half of this year, the oil refining sector of the two groups suffered a substantial loss of 35.5 billion yuan, of which PetroChina's oil refining sector suffered a loss of 23.358 billion yuan, and Sinopec's loss also reached 12.2 billion yuan. The two major groups in industries that rely on economies of scale, such as oil refining, cannot make profits, and they are even less likely to make profits in small businesses such as the comprehensive utilization of ethylene by-products

"Private oil refining companies actually have many restrictions. For example, when importing oil, the quota is very small, and they are forced to import fuel oil. Fuel oil is relatively expensive. After they use fuel oil to refine it, they can make money by refining it into diesel oil to sell it. On the contrary, as the two major groups can get so many domestic high-quality resources, the technical devices are far superior to private oil enterprises, and the refining has lost money. This situation makes it difficult for us to believe in monopoly." Enterprises can comprehensively utilize ethylene by-products. " Zhao Youshan said

Maoming Luhua Chemical Co., Ltd., a private enterprise, took the lead in developing isoprene rubber with C5 as raw material, filling the domestic gap under the situation that many state-owned enterprises in China have failed to do research and development for many years

the picture shows the isoprene rubber production workshop of the company

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